Other signs resulting from pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity often include: If left untreated, pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity can be fatal to cats. The use of pyrethrins/pyrethroids is very safe in dogs; however, cats and fish are very sensitive to pyrethrins/pyrethroids. The following list of pyrethroid compounds was pulled from a fairly comprehensive article on Wikipedia (you can also find more information about pyrethrins and pyrethroids from the EPA). ThermaCELL works by vaporizing low doses of allethrin, a pyrethroid insecticide. As you can see, the list of compounds can be difficult to keep track of, and I highly recommend sticking to a pyrethrin-free product, such as the safe cat flea treatments listed above. ZSDS10155/1 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET ThermaCELL® Mosquito Repellent MATS EPA Reg. If the toxicity is due to ingestion of pyrethrin/pyrethroid, such as from grooming behavior, bathing will do little to nothing to help. And if you have a cat, there are things you absolutely need to know about these insect-killing compounds in order to keep your cat safe. Unfortunately, even when you use dog products safely and according to manufacturer’s instructions on your dog, it's still possible for your cat to develop pyrethrin toxicity. To prevent pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity in your cat, while still keeping them free of fleas and other parasites, take the following preventive measures: If you’re worried about pyrethrin toxicity, and have opted to use a flea treatment for your cat not listed in the alternatives provided above, make sure you carefully read the labels. The amount of pyrethrin/pyrethroid “active ingredients” in the products made for dogs is far too much for cats to handle. This information is shared with social media, sponsorship, analytics, and other vendors or service providers. Prallethrin,[9] active ingredient in Baygon and All Out (India), Transfluthrin, an active ingredient in Baygon. Allethrin (mosquitoes): Devices that disperse allethrin, a synthetic derivative of chrysanthemum plants, use a small amount of butane fuel or a rechargeable lithium battery and allethrin repellent mats. This is at no cost to you, but it helps fund the free education that we have on our website. This is rarely a good idea for any product, but it's especially dangerous when those products contain pyrethrin, permethrin, or another pyrethroid. Following any at-home bath(s) for skin exposure, an affected cat should still be brought to the vet for evaluation and further treatment. Permethrin is used in some flea spot-on products made for dogs, and occasionally (in lower doses) in flea powders and collars for cats. Important note: Many consumer pest control products that you might use in your garden or yard contain pyrethrin or pyrethroids. It makes them faint and you can see lot of mosquitoes on the floor when repellent odor is very high and comes alive when repellent smells fades away. See details. ). The above were sent to me to review. Permethrin, dichlorovinyl derivative of pyrethrin and most widely used pyrethroid. They kill insects by preventing their nervous system from functioning properly. This page may contain affiliate links, for which we earn a commission for qualifying purchases. Check for the pyrethroid class of compounds and be sure that such compounds are either not in the flea medications or mosquito/insect repellents used around your cats (there are no safe mosquito repellents for cats, but you should nevertheless learn how to keep your cat safe from heartworms) or that the compounds are in a collective concentration —meaning you’ll need to consider the total of all pyrethroid compounds — that falls below the typically safe level of 1%. Pyrethrin is one of two liquid esters derived from Pyrethrum (feverfew) (C 21 H 28 O 3 or C 22 H 28 O 5) that are used as insecticides. You might not have ever heard the words “pyrethrin,” “pyrethroid,” or “permethrin,” but if you hate fleas, ticks, and mosquitoes and have pets, there’s a good chance you’ve got a pyrethrin or pyrethroid-containing product in your home. Cats probably occasionally are born with defects that can lead to sudden death, such as aneurysms that may suddenly rupture. This is because cats snuggle with and groom dogs, which can lead to accidental pyrethrin exposure and an unwelcome trip to the veterinary ER. You can add this handy little device to your belongings while going for a camping, fishing or hunting trip.Whether the mosquitos are continuously buzzing around the ears and even biting the skin, you can rely on this best mosquito repellent device for outdoor trips.Not to mention, Thermacell introduces one of the best portable repellent devices you need to have to get rid of those pesky insects. Allethrin is what is considered a “non-persistent insecticide”, meaning it breaks down easily in the environment. Permethrin insecticides should be used only when nec… What you should know to keep your pets safe. 71910-2; REFERENCE NOTIFICATION LABEL Page 2 of 31 DIRECTIONS FOR USE It is a violation of Federal law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling. You’ll also want to ensure that no pets try to lick or eat the allethrin mat strips when they are being stored in your home. However, I do believe there are often far safer options you can use to eliminate and control fleas on your cats and in their environment. Pyrethrins, for the most part, do seem to be relatively safe for most pets, though dosage is still the key. However, for most other pets, allethrin has minimal to no effect besides, of course, protection from mosquitoes. All rights reserved. Please share your experiences and stories, your opinions and feedback about this blog, or what you've learned that you'd like to share with others. Pyrethrins, and the related but more potent, chemically derived pyrethroids, are widely-used insecticides in flea and tick prevention products used around homes and on cats and dogs. Flea sprays, powders, and shampoos contain pyrethroid concentrations less than 1% – this concentration is highly unlikely to cause intoxication in cats. They create a “zone of protection” for as long as the device is running. 71910-2 The Schawbel Corp., 26 Crosby Drive, Bedford, MA 01730 781-541-6900 Safety Data Sheet dated 11/22/2009, version 3 Long story short, we don’t know for certain whether picaridin is safe for cats. d-Phenothrin can also cause allergic skin reactions and skin sensations. No. Despite the level of care Americans have given their furry friends, pets are at high According to the American Pet Products Manufacturers Associa- on, approximately 142.6 million cats and dogs are cared for in the United States. Treatment for a pyrethrin toxicity can cost several hundred to a couple thousand dollars. It is highly toxic to aquatic life, however. If you click “Agree and Continue” below, you acknowledge that your cookie choices in those tools will be respected and that you otherwise agree to the use of cookies on NPR’s sites. flea treatment, pyrethrin. Allethrin is an area repellent that is dispersed into the air and is up to 98% effective in fighting mosquitoes, black flies, and no-see-ums. Thermacell does recommend trying not to directly inhale the fumes but it should be safe for friends, family, and children. First of all these repellents wont kill the mosquitoes. d-Phenothrin can cause vomiting, diarrhea, excess salivation, twitching, tremors, or seizures if eaten or applied to the skin. It is about as toxic to humans as allethrin, but is very toxic to cats because their bodies cannot quickly break down the chemical. By Ian Santino. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. A pyrethroid is an organic compound similar to the natural pyrethrins, which are produced by the flowers of pyrethrums (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium and C. coccineum).Pyrethroids are used as commercial and household insecticides.. Fish are so sensitive that they may die from even the smallest exposure, so be sure to cover aquarium tanks (with something non-porous like plastic wrap) or remove the tanks from an area you’ll be treating with a product containing a pyrethrin or pyrethroid (e.g., foggers, sprays, etc. Cats that have been exposed to a large amount of pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based insecticides will often have whole-body tremors. Pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity in cats is most commonly the result of someone who, in an effort to save time or money, used a pyrethrin/pyrethroid-containing product intended for dogs on their cat(s). It’s safe to use this mosquito repellent around people, but recommended that you keep pets indoors, away from the vapours. These safer alternatives are equally as effective, or in many cases more effective, than the pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based products. As an online informational resource, Preventive Vet is unable to and does not provide specific medical advice or counseling. Cats are more sensitive to permethrin than other mammals, but cat lovers can still use the insecticide as long they're careful about it, veterinarians say. Even though this pesticide can be found in medications and is meant to be applied to the skin, it is a chemical and, therefore, can cause rashes, hypersensitivity, and skin irritation. ThermaCELL Mosquito Repellent, EPA Reg. No. Coils can also pose a fire risk so make sure they are placed on a metal stand or plate in a safe area away from curtains, beds, household furniture, paper, books or any flammable materials or chemicals. Permethrin is an insecticide and an acaricide (tick and mite killer). While it is safe to use Thermacell Mosquito Repeller around people, we recommend that people using it should keep their pets, such as cats, indoors, away from its vapors. flea control, If the toxicity is due to skin overexposure, initial treatment should include a bath in cool water with a good grease-dissolving dish soap (most veterinarians tend to use Dawn® dish soap). You can adjust your cookie choices in those tools at any time. Safe and does not involve using chemicals. Not only is pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity a dangerous and distressing situation for your cat, it’s also a major hit to your heart and wallet. Some cats will require multiple baths. When you plug in the zapper, it heats up and releases a fine vapour. Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. As an insecticide, it can be sprayed on clothing or mosquito nets to kill the insects that touch them. S. ome of our closest companions are pets. It’s just not worth the risk, especially when there are far safer alternatives available. This means that if you’re taking your cat out camping, you may want to try something else, such as a citronella lamp. They kill insects by preventing their nervous system from functioning properly. What happens to d-phenothrin when it enters the body? Spare your cat, and yourself, the trauma by taking the proper steps to avoid exposure in the first place. The Thermacell Holster with … If you have a cat or multiple cats and would like to avoid pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based products, which I typically* recommend to any cat owner, below are some of the safer and most-effective flea control products for cats. Please do not ask emergency or other specific medical questions about your pets in the blog comments. Toxin exposure sometimes occurs without the cat owner being aware of it. © 2020 Preventive Vet. The Thermacell Mosquito Repellent shown in the center of the above photo is the basic kit. You may click on “Your Choices” below to learn about and use cookie management tools to limit use of cookies when you visit NPR’s sites. Note that you must be careful not to get water into your cat’s mouth and lungs during the bath, as your tremoring cat will be less able to protect their own airway. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Unfortunately, pyrethrins and pyrethroids (especially permethrin) are not species-specific in their toxicity, meaning they can also cause severe and significant problems in pets, especially cats (who lack the liver enzymes necessary to process these compounds as they are absorbed through the skin). Plug-in repellents often have bright lights that may look attractive to babies and young children. Even though it might cause some skin irritation, it is not dangerous or unsafe for adults or children over two months of age. If you are worried that your pet is having an emergency or if you have specific medical questions related to your pet’s current or chronic medical conditions, please contact or visit your veterinarian, an animal-specific poison control hotline, or your local emergency veterinary care center. Allethrin is a member of the pyrethroid insecticide family and is known to generally not be harmful to mammals. Many on-line sites list pyrethrins as being safe for cats, and as far as we can tell, used judiciously, they are not too much more toxic for cats than they are for dogs. “New restrictions will be placed on these products, and pet owners need to carefully read and follow all labeling before exposing your pet to a pesticide,” the EPA’s Steve Owens said in a press release announcing the changes. Although picaridin has been demonstrated to be safe in other species, including dogs, there’s no published evidence about toxicity in cats. The study concluded that "through hormonal pathways, exposure to certain pyrethroids may contribute to reproductive dysfunction, developmental impairment, and cancer". You can use electrical plug-ins like the Mortein Odourless Mozzie Zapper daily whenever mosquitoes are an issue. This study showed that average levels of chemical contaminants were much higher in dogs and cats than in humans, with dogs testing 2.4 times higher in perfluorochemicals and cats testing 5 times higher in mercury and 23 times higher in fire retardants (PBDEs). Although exposure to allethrin has a minor effect on humans, note that allethrin exposure can be fatal to cats, bees, and fish. What I can say, is I’m not aware of any picaridin-containing products that are specifically licensed for use on cats. Some of the products recommended below are also effective for tick and/or other parasite control on cats. Pyrethroids: Not as safe as you think ©2000 Melissa Kaplan . Unfortunately, exposure to concentrated permethrin (as in some dog spot-ons) can result in serious illness and even death in cats. The short answer is ‘yes’. Side effects include rash and irritation at the area of use. In household concentrations pyrethroids are generally harmless to humans. The insecticides which contain the chlorpyrifos, bendiocarb, and allethrin may be what you can choose since they are said to be the most effective ones for getting rid the carpet beetles. Read more here. ALLETHRIN is an ester and ketone. Zika infection during pregnancy can put babies at risk for death and birth defects including small brains (microcephaly), poor growth, and hearing or eyesight loss. When the lighting is just right, like in a pop-up blind with some side light coming in window, you can see the allethrin vapor rising up from the device like smoke from a candle. Furthermore, products containin less than 0.2% permethrin are considered safe for our feline friends. Is Thermacell safe for pets? NPR’s sites use cookies, similar tracking and storage technologies, and information about the device you use to access our sites (together, “cookies”) to enhance your viewing, listening and user experience, personalize content, personalize messages from NPR’s sponsors, provide social media features, and analyze NPR’s traffic. Higher concentrations can be safely used on dogs; however, cats are very sensitive to these chemicals and cannot metabolize these drugs well as dogs. DEET: (N-diethyl-m-toluamide) Repellents containing DEET are safe for adults and children when used according to directions. Do not let your cat come into contact with with these outdoor insecticides — either through contact with treated plants or airpborn spray— and if neighborhood outdoor cats venture into your yard without your control, consider using a non-pyrethrin/pyrethroid product. It enters the body besides, of course, protection from mosquitoes the Zapper it... 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